The meniscus consists of two C-shaped pieces of cartilage inside the knee joint. These pieces of cartilage serve as a cushion between the femur and tibia bones, absorbing impact and distributing the force of our actions on the joint.
Meniscus tears often occur during motions that cause impact on the body such as attempting to rotate the knee of a weight-bearing leg, running, or jumping, but can also occur during lower impact activities such as yoga as well. Age is a contributing factor in many meniscus tears. As our bodies age, our connective tissue loses elasticity and volume, weakening the meniscus. It is not uncommon to see meniscus injuries in older adults as a result of everyday activities.
Meniscus tears range in severity from mild to severe. Symptoms of a torn meniscus include swelling, buckling of the knee, locking which causes difficulty attempting to bend the knee, and severe pain. If the injury is minor, it is possible that healing may be achieved through a combination of rest and physical therapy. With more severe injuries, however, surgery may be required to repair the torn meniscus.
Traditional surgical options for a torn meniscus include repair of the meniscus itself or removal of the section of the meniscus which is torn, also referred to as a meniscectomy. Meniscectomies may be either full or partial, depending on the severity of your injury.
You may be required to wear a brace to stabilize your knee joint following meniscus repair surgery in order to allow the area to heal properly. Some patients use crutches to aid in mobility for the first month, allowing you to keep your weight off the knee joint in order for it to continue to repair itself.
It is possible that your surgeon will recommend physical therapy during your recovery. These exercises will allow the muscles surrounding the knee joint to get stronger, restoring the mobility and strength. Total rehabilitation time for meniscus repair is generally about 3 months, while recovery time for a meniscectomy is closer to 3-4 weeks.
Meniscus repair is low-risk, complications are rare. They may include injury to skin nerves, infections and knee stiffness. Your doctor may also recommend compression stocking to help prevent blood clots.
Not all meniscus injuries will require surgery. The outer edge of the meniscus received a rich blood supply from the body, giving it a greater chance of successful healing than areas of the meniscus. If you are able to keep the knee stable and prevent it from further injury, nonsurgical treatment of meniscus tears can be quite successful.
The best method for at-home treatment of meniscus tears involves the R.I.C.E. method.
If you think you have a torn meniscus, it is important that you visit your doctor to ensure that your injury isn't something more severe. Once you have been given an accurate diagnosis, your doctor will inform you if non-surgical treatment options will be effective in restoring your torn meniscus.
Meniscus repair surgery is fairly low-risk and has few complications. It is an outpatient procedure, allowing you to return home as soon as the procedure is complete.
The Nanoknee system is a state-of-the-art surgical technique that allows patients to reclaim their lives faster than traditional surgical procedures. With no painful recovery, no hospital stay, and often no physical therapy needed, patients are able to get back to their daily activities more quickly, so they can get the most out of life. If you would like to learn more about the Nanoknee system and how it can be beneficial treatment for your torn meniscus, our surgical staff is ready and willing to help you get back to a pain-free life.
Minimally invasive knee surgery in Los Angeles.